Factors Influencing the Choice of Librarianship as a Career Among Students in Tanzania

How to Cite

Kanyika, M. (2022). Factors Influencing the Choice of Librarianship as a Career Among Students in Tanzania. International Journal of Librarianship, 7(2), 126–137. https://doi.org/10.23974/ijol.2022.vol7.2.254
Received 2022-08-22
Accepted 2022-10-10
Published 2022-12-15


This study examined factors influencing the choice of librarianship as a career among students in Tanzania. A quantitative research approach, the descriptive survey study design, was adopted for this study. Data was collected using online questionnaires. Microsoft Office Excel 2010 was used in analyzing quantitative data. The findings of this study showed that the majority of the students were not aware of the librarianship career path until they joined the library and information science program. The findings of the study further revealed job opportunities, personal interest, and desire for helping people among the factors influencing students to join librarianship. Moreover, the study findings showed that negative perceptions towards librarianship, nature of its work, and lack of appreciation from the employers and clients were the factors that discouraged many of the students from joining librarianship. In general, the study concluded that the majority of the students chose librarianship as the last option after being denied from other professions. Accordingly, the study recommends more means of making students aware of librarianship as a career path; for example, mentors and teachers are trusted by students and can help promote awareness about librarianship careers. Additionally, employers and clients are advised to better appreciate the efforts devoted by librarians as a whole.



Abban, S. (2019). Choosing librarianship as career: A study of selected senior high school (SHS) students in Akropong-Akuapem municipality. [Master’s thesis, University of Ghana]. UGSpace. https://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/33042

Adanu, T., & Amekuedee, J. (2010). Factors influencing the choice of librarianship as a course of study at the diploma level in Ghana. Information Development, 26(4), 314–319. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266666910376209

Alansari, H. (2011). Career choice, satisfaction, and perceptions about their professional image. Library Review, 60, 575–587. http://doi:10.1108/00242531111153597

Ard, A., Clemmons, S., Morgan, N., Sessions, P., Spencer, B.,Tidwell, T., & West, P. (2006). Why library and information science? Result of a career survey of MLS students along with implications for reference librarians and recruitment. Reference and User Services Quarterly, 54(3), 236–246. https://pennstate.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/why-library-and-information-science-the-results-of-a-career-surve

Baloch, R., & Shah, N. (2014). The significance of awareness about selection and recruitment processes in students’ career decision making. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 10(14), 1857–7881. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2014.v10n14p%25p

Bello, M. (1996). Choosing a career: Librarian? Librarian Career Development, 4(4), 15–19. https://doi.org/10.1108/09680819610152518

Betz, N., & Luzzo, D. (1996). Career assessment and the career decision-making self-efficacy scale. Journal of Career Assessment, 4, 413–428.

Brown, D. (2002). "The role of work and cultural values in occupational choice, satisfaction, and success: A theoretical statement." Journal of Counseling and Development, 80,48–56.

Busayo, O. (2017). Choice of librarianship as a career: A case study of FOUYE pioneer library and information science students. IJoLIS, 2, 59–67. https://ijolis.aiou.edu.pk/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/2017-article-5-Librarianship-as-career.pdf

Choy, F. (2008). Librarianship: What is it all about now? Library Association of Singapore (8-9). [Conference presentation]. https://hdl.handle.net/10356/90785

Damilola, A., Ajayi, S., & Adetayo, A. (2018). Factors influencing the career choice of library and information science student’s in Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-Journal), (1–12). https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/1871

Deeming, C., & Chelin, J. (2001). Make your own luck: A study of people changing career into librarianship. New Library World, 102, 13–26. doi:10.1108/03074800110365453

Farley-Larmour, (2000). 'Books and reading' or 'information and access'? Interests, motivation and influences towards library and information studies. Education for Library and Information Services: Australia (ELIS: A), 17(4), 5–18.

Gordon, R., & Nesbitt, S. (1999). Who we are, where we’re going: A report from the front. Library Journal, 124, 36–39.

Hallam, G., & Partridge, H. (2005). Great expectations? Developing a profile of the 21st century library and information student: A Queensland University of Technology case study. IFLA World Library and Information Congress, Division VII Education and Research. [71st IFLA general conference and council]. https://eprints.qut.edu.au/1971/1/1971.pdf

Houdyshell, M., Robles, P., & Yi, H. (1999). What were you thinking? If you could choose librarianship again, would you? Information Outlook 3(7), 19–23.

Issa, A., & Nwalo, K. (2008). Factors affecting the career choice of undergraduates in Nigerian library and information science schools. African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science, 18, 23–32. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/article/view/26196

Kerka, S. (1998). Career Development and Gender, Race and Class. Eric Digest, 1–7. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED421641.pdf

Laloo, B. (2013) Quality of students admitted to library West East. Journal of Social Sciences, 2(3), 31–36.

Lo, P., Dukic, Z., Chiu, D., Ikeuchi, U., Liu, J., & Lu, Y. (2015). Why librarianship? A comparative study between University of Tsukuba, University of Hong Kong, University of British Colombia and Shanghai University. Australian Academic and Research Libraries, 46(3), 194–215. https://doi.org/10.1080/00048623.2015.1059993

Lo, P., Chiu, D., Dukic, Z., Cho, A., & Liu, J. (2017). Motivations for choosing librarianship as a second career among students at the University of British Columbia and the University of Hong Kong. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 49(4), 424–437. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961000616654961

Moniarou-Papaconstantinou, V., Vassilakaki, E., & Tsatsaroni, A. (2015). Choice of library and information science in a rapidly changing information landscape: A systematic literature review. Library Management, 36(8-9), 584–608. doi:10.1108/LM-04-2015-0022

Muraguri, J. (2011). ‘Factors influencing degree choices among female undergraduate students at the University of Nairobi – a case study of the 2010/2011 cohort’. [Unpublished master’s research project, University of Nairobi].

Mvungi, G. (2009). School-based factors influence students’ choices of teaching science as career: The case of government secondary schools Ilala district. [Unpublished master’s dissertation, University of Dar-es-Salaam].

Newbutt, S., & Sen, B. (2009). What impression do young people have of librarianship as a career? [Conference presentation]. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303547656

Puja, G. (2001). Moving against the grain: The expectations of Tanzanian female undergraduate students of University of Dar es-Salam. [Doctoral dissertation, University of Toronto]. TSpace. https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/handle/1807/15988

Salami, S. (1999). "Relationship between work values and vocational interests among high school students in Ibadan”. Nigerian African Journal of Educational Research, 5(2), 65–74.

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2012). Research methods for business students (6th ed.). London: Pearson.

Simon, A., & Taylor, M. (2011). Career history and motivations for choosing LIS: A case study at Aberystwyth University. Library Review 60(9), 803–815. https://doi.org/10.1108/00242531111176817

Taylor, S., Perry, R., Barton, J., & Spencer, B. (2010). A follow-up study of the factors shaping the career choices of library school students at the University of Alabama. Reference & User Services Quarterly 50(1), 35–47.

Rawayau, U. (2019). The effect of negative perception of librarianship on the job performance of graduates in Nigeria. Global Scientific Journals, 7(9). http://www.globalscientificjournal.com

Woasey, F. (2015). Factors influencing the career choice of undergraduate students in the humanities of the University of Ghana. [Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Ghana].

Yin, R. (2003). Case study research: Design and methods, (3rd ed.). Sage.

Zhang, W. (2007). Why IS: ‘Understanding undergraduate students' intentions to choose an information system major’. Journal of Information Systems Education, 18(4), 447–458. https://www.learntechlib.org/p/166738/

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Librarianship


Download data is not yet available.