Evolution of Western Library Catalogs: The Rising Expectations of Users


library catalog
users’ expectation
primitive catalog
alphabetical list
printed book catalog
card catalog
online catalog
next generational catalog

How to Cite

Diao, J. (2018). Evolution of Western Library Catalogs: The Rising Expectations of Users. International Journal of Librarianship, 3(1), 78–93. https://doi.org/10.23974/ijol.2018.vol3.1.69
Received 2018-05-29
Accepted 2018-07-03
Published 2018-07-17


This paper traces the historical development of library catalogs from primitive catalogs in ancient times to current next generational catalogs, which are summarized into three stages: the agricultural catalog stage, the industrial catalog stage and the information catalog stage. In particular, this paper focuses on the discussion of the rise of users’ expectations on library catalogs at different stages and gives emphasis to what impact they have created accordingly.




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