Linked Data in a Nutshell: A Starter Kit of Selected Annotated Bibliography and Resources for Academic Librarians: Part One


Linked Data
Linked Open Data
Library Linked Data
Semantic Web
Academic Library

How to Cite

Liu, W. (2018). Linked Data in a Nutshell: A Starter Kit of Selected Annotated Bibliography and Resources for Academic Librarians: Part One. International Journal of Librarianship, 3(1), 36–53.
Received 2017-10-17
Accepted 2017-12-08
Published 2018-07-17


It has been a decade since Tim Berners-Lee coined Linked Data in 2006. More and more Linked Data datasets have been made available for information retrieval on the Web.  It is essential for librarians, especially academic librarians, to keep up with the state of Linked Data.  There is so much information about Linked Data that one may wonder where to begin when they want to join the Linked Data community. With this in mind, the author compiled this annotated bibliography as a starter kit.  Due to the many resources available, this list focuses on literature in English only and of specific projects, case studies, research studies, and tools that may be helpful to academic librarians, in addition to the overview of Linked Data concept and the current state of Linked Data evolution and adoption.


Antelman, K., & Wilson, K. (2015). The Global Open Knowledgebase (GOKb): Open linked data supporting electronic resources management and scholarly communication. Insights, 28(1), 42-50. doi:10.1629/uksg.217

Baker, T., Bermès, E., Coyle, K., Dunsire, G., Isaac, A., Murray, P., . . . Zeng, M. (2011). Library Linked Data Incubator Group final report. Retrieved from W3C Incubator. World Wide Web Consortium website:

Berners-Lee, T. (2006, July 27). Linked Data - Design issues. Retrieved from

Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., & Lassila, O. (2001). The Semantic Web. Scientific American. Retrieved from

Bushman, B., Anderson, D., & Fu, G. (2015). Transforming the Medical Subject Headings into Linked Data: Creating the authorized version of MeSH in RDF. Journal of Library Metadata, 15(3–4), 157–176. doi:10.1080/19386389.2015.1099967

Cole, T. W., Han, M., Weathers, W. F., & Joyner, E. (2013). Library marc records into linked open data: Challenges and opportunities. Journal of Library Metadata, 13(2/3), 163–196. doi:10.1080/19386389.2013.826074

Coyle, K. (2012). Linked Data tools: Connecting on the Web [Monograph]. Library Technology Reports, 48(4), 6-46. Retrieved from:

Coyle, K. (2013). Linked Data: An evolution. JLIS.It, 4(1), 53. doi:10.4403/

Godby, C., Wang, S., & Mixter, J. (2015). Library linked data in the cloud: OCLC's experiments with new models of resource description. San Rafael, CA: Morgan & Claypool. doi:10.2200/S00620ED1V01Y201412WBE012

Gracy, K. F., Zeng, M. L., & Skirvin, L. (2013). Exploring methods to improve access to music resources by aligning library data with linked data: A report of methodologies and preliminary findings. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 64(10), 2078.

Hanson, E. M. (2014). A beginner’s guide to creating Library Linked Data: Lessons from NCSU’s Organization Name Linked Data project. Serials Review, 40(4), 251–258. doi:10.1080/00987913.2014.975887

Harris, J. (2016). Linked data for cultural heritage. [Review of the book Linked data for cultural heritage, ed. by E. Jones & M. Seikel]. Library Journal, 141(20), 108.

Heath, T., & Bizer, C. (2011). Linked Data: Evolving the web into a global data space. Synthesis lectures on the semantic web: Theory and technology, 1:1. San Rafael, CA: Morgan & Claypool. Retrieved from

Hooland, S., Verborgh, R., & Neal-Schuman Publishers. (2014). Linked Data for libraries,

archives and museums: How to clean, link and publish your metadata (U.S. edition. ed.). Chicago, IL: Neal-Schuman.

Jacksi, K., Dimililer, N., & Zeebaree, S. R. M. (2016). State of the art exploration systems for

Linked Data: A review. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (IJACSA), 7(11). doi:10.14569/IJACSA.2016.071120

Jones, E., & Seikel, M. (Eds.). (2016). Linked data for cultural heritage. Chicago, IL: American Library Association.

Lafia, S., Jablonski, J., Kuhn, W., Cooley, S., & Medrano, F. A. (2016). Spatial discovery and the research library. Transactions in GIS, 20(3), 399–412. doi:10.1111/tgis.12235

Lampert, C., & Southwick, S. (2013). Leading to linking: Introducing linked data to academic library digital collections. Journal of Library Metadata, 13(2/3), 230–253. doi:10.1080/19386389.2013.82609

Library of Congress. (2016, November 22). BIBFRAME and PCC. Retrieved from

Linked Data Glossary. (n.d.). Retrieved March 16, 2018, from

Lohmann, J. (2017, April 19). Linked Data definitions: Bringing clarity to Linked Data terms and buzz words. [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Mak, L., Higgins, D., Collie, A., & Nicholson, S. (2014). Enabling and integrating ETD repositories through Linked Data. Library Management, 35(4/5), 284–292. doi:10.1108/LM-08-2013-0075

Malmsten, M. (2009). Exposing library data as Linked Data. Retrieved from

Marco-Ruiz, L., Pedrinaci, C., Maldonado, J. A., Panziera, L., Chen, R., & Bellika, J. G. (2016). Publication, discovery and interoperability of Clinical Decision Support systems: A Linked Data approach. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 62, 243–264. doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2016.07.011

Mitchell, E. (2016, January 4). A Linked Data landscape: Critical decisions for data licensing, shared standards, and system design. American Libraries. Retrieved from

Mitchell, E. T. (2016). Library Linked Data: Early Activity and Development [Monograph]. Library Technology Reports, 52(1), 5-33. Retrieved from

Ojennus, P. (2017). [Review of the book Linked data for cultural heritage, ed. by E. Jones & M. Seikel]. Library Resources & Technical Services, 61(3), 173-174.

Page, K. R., Bechhofer, S., Fazekas, G., Weigl, D. M., & Wilmering, T. (2017). Realising a layered digital library: Exploration and analysis of the Live Music Archive through Linked Data. In 2017 ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL) (pp. 1–10). doi:10.1109/JCDL.2017.7991563

Pesch, O., & Miller, E. (2016). Using BIBFRAME and Library Linked Data to solve real problems: An interview with Eric Miller of Zepheira. The Serials Librarian, 71(1), 1–8. doi:10.1080/0361526X.2016.1183159

SWIB17 - Semantic Web in Libraries. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Thompson, K., & Richard, J. (2013). Moving our data to the Semantic Web: Leveraging a content management system to create the linked open library. Journal of Library Metadata, 13(2–3), 290–309. doi:10.1080/19386389.2013.828551

van Ballegooie, M. Borie, J., & Senior, A. (2017). The Canadian Linked Data Initiative: Charting a path to a Linked Data future. The Serials Librarian, 72(1–4), 207–213. doi:10.1080/0361526X.2017.1292751

Wong, E. Y. (2017). LD4L: Linked Data for libraries. Technical Services Quarterly, 34(3), 332–333. doi:10.1080/07317131.2017.1321405

Wood, D., Zaidman, M., Ruth, L., & Hausenblas, M. (2014). Linked Data: Structured data on the Web. Shelter Island, NY: Manning.

Zaino, J. (2016, November 29). 2017 Trends for Semantic Web and semantic technologies. Retrieved from

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